Tag Archives: Referencing style

What’s in a Name? Authors With the Same Surname

By: Chelsea Lee Source: http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2018/02/whats-in-a-name-authors-with-the-same-surname.html A rose by any other name would smell as sweet, right? Readers often ask us questions about how to handle repeated surnames in references. For example, how do you cite a work where some or all of the authors have the same last name? What if you want to cite separate […]
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Jr., Sr., and other suffixes in APA Style

by Timothy McAdoo Henry W. “Indiana” Jones Jr.: “I like Indiana.”Henry W. Jones Sr.: “We named the dog Indiana.” Much like the intrepid Dr. Jones, when writing a paper, you never know what riddles you’ll have to solve. (Unlike Indiana, you can always ask the APA Style team for help!) I hope to clear up […]
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Citing an edition of a book in APA style

by Timothy McAdoo Question When a book has multiple editions, which edition should I include in my reference list? Answer Your reference list should include the edition of the book that you read and are relying on for your information. You need to include references to more than one edition only if you read two […]
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How to capitalize author names in APA style

by Chelsea Lee As discussed in our post about the capitalization of specific words, author names are capitalized in APA Style because they are proper nouns. For most author names this poses no difficulty, because most names begin with capital letters anyway. However, some names begin with lowercase letters, such as lowercase prefixes like de, […]
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How to capitalize and format reference titles in APA style

by Chelsea Lee APA Style has special formatting rules for the titles of the sources you use in your paper, such as the titles of books, articles, book chapters, reports, and webpages. The different formats that might be applied are capitalization (see Publication Manual, pp. 101–102), italics (see pp. 104–105), and quotation marks (see p. […]
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The proper use of et al. in APA Style

by Chelsea Lee Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. Note that et al. is […]
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How to create a reference for a YouTube video

by Stefanie Halloween is coming! What better time of year to track down some of your favorite scary YouTube videos to frighten your friends or prove your position on the existence of ghosts? If you spin your YouTube search into research (“The Startle Reflex: Can You Use It to Identify Individuals With Antisocial Personality Disorder?”), […]
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Reference twins: Or, how to cite articles with the same authors and same year

by Chelsea Lee Have you ever been friends with a pair of identical twins? Twins who looked so alike that, at first, telling them apart all hinged on finding that distinguishing freckle, or hoping someone else would call them by their names so you could memorize what clothes each was wearing that day? In the […]
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How do you cite e-mail communications from individuals?

E-mail communications from individuals should be cited as personal communications. Because they do not provide recoverable data, personal communications are not included in the reference list. Cite personal communications in text only. Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide as exact a date as possible.  Examples: T. K. Lutes […]
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How do you cite a source that you found in another source?

Use secondary sources sparingly, for instance, when the original work is out of print, unavailable through usual sources, or not available in English. Give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Allport’s work is cited in Nicholson and […]
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